Brexit: MPs prepare for votes in bid to break deadlock
Written by Millennium on March 27, 2019
MPs are starting to debate the process of voting on their preferred Brexit options, as Theresa May prepares to meet Tory backbenchers in an effort to win them over to her agreement.
Some MPs want the PM to name the date she will leave No 10 to have any hope of getting their backing for her deal.
The BBC’s Laura Kuenssberg said some leading Brexiteers were “tiptoeing their way” towards supporting her plan.
MPs are currently debating the way the rest of the day’s debate will proceed.
- Live: MPs debate way forward for Brexit
- A guide to MPs’ alternative Brexit plans
- Catch up on the latest Brexitcast podcast
- What are indicative votes?
- How the indicative vote process will work
Conservative MP Jacob Rees-Mogg has said of the PM’s deal: “Half a loaf is better than no bread.”
He told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme he did not “begin to pretend this is a good deal or a good choice”, but he would support the PM’s plan if it had the backing of the Democratic Unionist Party.
The 10 Northern Irish MPs are seen as the key to securing the deal, but they have urged Tory MPs to “stand firm” in their opposition unless there were “significant changes”.
Commons leader Andrea Leadsom said the government was still in talks to persuade the DUP to back it, along with other MPs on their own benches.
Meanwhile, the President of the European Council Donald Tusk told MEPs they “cannot betray the six million people who signed the petition to revoke Article 50, the one million people who marched for a people’s vote, or the increasing majority of people who want to remain in the EU”.
He said the people “may feel that they are not sufficiently represented by the UK Parliament, but they must feel that they are represented by you… because they are Europeans”.
Having voted to seize control of Commons business, backbench MPs will vote on Brexit alternatives later.
Conservative backbencher Sir Oliver Letwin, whose cross-party proposal ushered in today’s debate, said the only way leaving the EU with no-deal can be prevented is by crystallising an alternative majority and trying to carry it forward.
He said that if MPs supported the prime minister’s deal in another meaningful vote this would be “the easy route”.
He said he “profoundly hopes” that if on Monday there is a majority view in favour of a particular position, that the government will say that it will carry that forward.
Timetable for Wednesday in Parliament
Now: MPs take control of the Commons to debate the process of indicative votes
By 15:00: MPs vote on the procedure for indicative votes
15:15: The Speaker announces which Brexit proposals he has chosen to be debated and voted on, and the debate begins
19:00: MPs vote with paper and pen for their preferences
19:30: Debate on statutory instrument (SI) bringing Brexit delay into law
21:00: Vote on SI
21:30: The Speaker announces the results of the indicative votes – though he could announce them earlier during SI debate
All times approx
How are MPs likely to vote?
Conservative MPs will be given a free vote, meaning they will be able to support or reject any proposal without pressure from party whips. Cabinet ministers will be abstaining.
The decision followed warnings that more than a dozen ministers might quit if they were told they had to follow party orders.
Labour MPs are being whipped to support the party’s own proposal as well as a number of others, including one for a referendum to endorse any deal.
There was some confusion over the confirmatory public vote option. Labour MP Peter Kyle helped draw up the motion and told Today that he expected his leader Jeremy Corbyn to order his MPs to back it.
But his colleague Barry Gardiner cast doubt on the support from Labour’s frontbench, telling the programme the amendment makes it “look like a public vote is an attempt to Remain”, adding: “It is not where out policy has been.”
MPs later confirmed to the BBC they had been ordered to support the proposal.Skip Twitter post by @nickeardleybbc
End of Twitter post by @nickeardleybbc
The DUP’s leader in Westminster, Nigel Dodds, has co-signed two proposals – one asking for the result of the EU referendum in 2016 to be respected and another backing the Malthouse Compromise.
What is the PM’s next move?
Mrs May continues to try to win MPs round to her deal, which has been heavily rejected twice. She is expected to address the Conservative backbench 1922 Committee on Wednesday evening.
Ms Leadsom said there was a “real possibility” the PM’s deal could come back for a vote on Thursday or Friday, adding: “If we could simply get the withdrawal agreement bill under way…once we have done that, once we have left the EU, we can then look at what our future relationship will look like.”
And during Prime Minister’s Questions – after being told by her fellow Tory MP Andrew Bridgen that his constituents could not trust her to deliver Brexit – Mrs May said she could guarantee delivering on Brexit if “this week” MPs like him supported her deal.
Friday is the day written into law for the UK to leave the EU, but later MPs will vote on a statutory instrument to confirm a delay – with the earliest Brexit is likely to happen now being 12 April.
Writing in the Daily Mail, Mr Rees-Mogg – who is chairman of the pro-Brexit European Research Group of Tory MPs – said “an awkward reality needs to be faced” and he was ready to back the deal so long as it won DUP support.
Fellow ERG member, Tory MP Daniel Kawczynski, tweeted that he had appealed to members of the DUP to abstain from voting on the PM’s plan if they cannot back it, saying it could be enough to get the deal “across the finishing line”.
But ex-Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson told the BBC there was “no point” supporting Mrs May’s deal “without any sign the UK is going to change its approach in phase two” of the negotiations. Otherwise he said he feared the country would be indefinitely tied to the EU’s rules.
BBC political editor Laura Kuenssberg said the not-so-subtle subtext of Mr Johnson’s remarks was “if the PM promises to go soon, then she might get my vote”.
Your guide to Brexit jargon
Use the list below or select a button – Choose a Brexit term – Alignment Another referendum Article 50 Backstop plan Brexit Brexit bus Brexit day Brexiteers Brexiters Brexodus Brino Cake and eat it Canada model Canada plus Chequers plan Cherry picking Cliff edge Common Agricultural Policy Council of Ministers Customs union DExEU Disorderly Brexit Divergence Divorce bill EU EU referendum European Commission European Council European Court of Justice (ECJ) European Economic Area (EEA) European Free Trade Association (EFTA) European Parliament Eurosceptic Euroscepticism Facilitated customs arrangement Four freedoms Free trade agreement Free movement Frictionless trade Globalisation Hard border Hard Brexit Henry VIII powers Indicative vote Irish border Malthouse compromise Managed no deal Mandate Max-fac Meaningful vote MEP No deal Norway model Passporting Political declaration Remoaners Schengen area Settled status Single market Soft Brexit Tariff Tariff-free trade Transition period Treaty TTIP White Paper Withdrawal agreement WTO rules Withdrawal agreementNo dealCustoms unionWTO rulesBackstop planIrish border
What options might MPs vote on?
Groups have been putting forward different options for the UK’s future relationship with the EU. Several are based on the assumption Mrs May’s withdrawal agreement with the EU will be approved, albeit with changes to the controversial Northern Ireland backstop.
- Customs union: This calls for the UK to negotiate a new customs union with the EU immediately after it leaves.
- Common Market 2.0: The UK would remain in the single market by rejoining the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and staying in the European Economic Area (EEA). A “comprehensive customs partnership” would replace the Irish border backstop plan. It would accept continued freedom of movement but with conditions.
- EFTA and EEA: The UK would rejoin EFTA and sign up to existing EEA rules and obligations but make them enforceable through the UK courts. Rejects any customs union with the EU, instead seeking agreement on new arrangements for Northern Ireland.
- Malthouse compromise plan A: Mrs May’s withdrawal deal but without the backstop, which would be replaced by alternative arrangements.
- Another referendum: The public would vote in a confirmatory referendum on any Brexit deal which is passed by Parliament before it is ratified.
- Revoke Article 50: If the government has not passed its withdrawal deal, MPs would vote on a no-deal Brexit two days before the UK’s leaving date. If MPs reject no deal, the prime minister would have to cancel Brexit altogether.
How will the process work?
According to a copy of a business motion released by Labour’s Hilary Benn, there will be about five hours of debate on different options.
The Speaker will select around half a dozen options, with MPs marking on paper each option with a “yes” or “no”.
MPs will use both lobbies for completing the indicative vote ballots.
Voting by paper ballot will take place at about 19:00 GMT, with the results announced by Mr Bercow later that evening.
The process is likely to continue on Monday as MPs seek to whittle down options which could command majority support in Parliament.
The government has until 12 April to propose a different way forward to the EU if it cannot get the current agreement through Parliament.